The twelve bar blues is a chord scheme that has been used in music ranging from rock and pop to soul and jazz. Known for fusing together the sounds of the blues with motown and gospel music, Ray Charles often uses this chord scheme in his music. See if you can identify the points in the music where we return to beginning of the 12 bar pattern. Here's a clue - this happens for the first couple of times at 0:25 and 0:46.

 

Here is a masterclass in improvisation given to us by saxophonist Sonny Rollins. Sonny starts by playing the calypso "St. Thomas" tune, but is improvising from 0:39. Initially some features of the tune can be heard, but very quickly Sonny is composing brand new melodies. Keeping all of this together is the chord scheme of "St. Thomas" which is repeated unchanged throughout the piece. The members of the band also get a chance to try their skill at improvising, and then finally, at 9:51 the band returns to the "St. Thomas" tune to complete the piece.

 

While the Beatles may have come from England their music was inspired by the Blues, Soul and Rock and Roll musicians of the United States. The form of this song - "I Wanna Hold Your Hand", unfolds as follows. After a short introduction, verse 1 begins at 0:07, followed by the chorus at 0:23. This is repeated with verse 2 (0:30) and a second chorus (0:44). It was common in songs like this to add a new section towards the middle of the song to stop the verse and chorus structure becoming boring. This is a called a middle 8 and that's what happens next from 0:52. Next comes a third verse and chorus. Then the middle 8 again. The song is completed by a final verse and chorus.

 

12 Bar Blues

The twelve bar blues is a chord scheme that has been used in music ranging from rock and pop to soul and jazz. Known for fusing together the sounds of the blues with motown and gospel music, Ray Charles often uses this chord scheme in his music. See if you can identify the points in the music where we return to beginning of the 12 bar pattern. Here's a clue - this happens for the first couple of times at 0:25 and 0:46.

Jazz

Here is a masterclass in improvisation given to us by saxophonist Sonny Rollins. Sonny starts by playing the calypso "St. Thomas" tune, but is improvising from 0:39. Initially some features of the tune can be heard, but very quickly Sonny is composing brand new melodies. Keeping all of this together is the chord scheme of "St. Thomas" which is repeated unchanged throughout the piece. The members of the band also get a chance to try their skill at improvising, and then finally, at 9:51 the band returns to the "St. Thomas" tune to complete the piece.

Pop Song

While the Beatles may have come from England their music was inspired by the Blues, Soul and Rock and Roll musicians of the United States. The form of this song - "I Wanna Hold Your Hand", unfolds as follows. After a short introduction, verse 1 begins at 0:07, followed by the chorus at 0:23. This is repeated with verse 2 (0:30) and a second chorus (0:44). It was common in songs like this to add a new section towards the middle of the song to stop the verse and chorus structure becoming boring. This is a called a middle 8 and that's what happens next from 0:52. Next comes a third verse and chorus. Then the middle 8 again. The song is completed by a final verse and chorus.